|Publisher||Journal Of Agricultural Technology|
|Publication Title||Assessment Of The Effects Of Soil Fertility Management Technologies On The Yield Of Selected Food Crops In Oyo State.|
|Publication Authors||Arifalo S. F. and T. E. Mafimisebi|
This study assessed the effect of soil fertility management technologies (SFMTs) on food crop
production in Oyo State, Nigeria. It specificall y examined the socio-economic characteristics of
the food crop farmers, identified the various SFMTs practiced and assessed the yield of selected
food crops under the identified SFMTs. The results of the study showed that 70% of the
respondents used at least one out of the seven (7) identified SFMTs. Highest proportion
(36.9%) of the respondents used cover crops while 17.9% applied inorganic fertilizers alone. To
assess yield, the technologies were reclassified into three. Empirical results showed that yam
and maize had the highest yield (3354.80kg/ha and 1093kg/ha respectively) under inorganic
SFMT while cassava had the highest yield (5534.72kg/ha) under non-usage of technologies. It
was concluded that there is no significant difference in the yield of yam under the identified
SFMTs, but there was for maize and cassava. The study therefore recommended that yam
production be done under any of the technologies, while both maize and cassava production
should be carried out under the technologies which gave the highest yields.
|Publisher||Applied Tropical Agriculture|
|Publication Title||Profitability And Comparative Advantage Of Rice Farming In Osun And Ekiti State, Nigeria.|
|Publication Authors||Arifalo S.F. and A.G. Daramola|
The study examined the competitiveness and profitability of rice cultivation in two locations of the study area. A total of 120 small-scale rice farmers were used for the study. The data from the study were analyzed using Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) model. Most of the farmers operate farm sizes of between 0.1ha and 5.99ha with average farm size of 2.3ha and 2.8ha in Ekiti and Osun States, respectively. The PAM model used to analyse profitability of rice cultivation shows positive profits at both private and social prices. This means that farmers have an incentive to grow rice despite the increase in importation of rice.
|Publisher||Agricultura Tropica Et Subtropica|
|Publication Title||Socio-economic And Cultural Factors That Affect Mushroom Production In Southwest, Nigeria.|
|Publication Authors||Alfred S.D.Y. and Arifalo S.F.|
The study examined the factors affecting mushroom production in three states, namely, Ondo, Osun and Oyo randomly selected in Southwest of Nigeria. The sample size of twenty * ve mushroom producers was used for the study and this comprised all the mushroom growers in the southwest, Nigeria. The mushroom growers include two institutions and 23 individuals. The two institutions constitute (8%) while individual farms were made up of males (60%) and females (32%). The study revealed that 44% of the respondents were between 26 and 35 years of age, while 20% were between 46 and 50 years of age. It was found that 64% of the growers were married while 28% were single. The household size composition showed that 56% were between 1 and 5 while 36% were between 6 and 10. Only 36% and 32% of the respondents were found to consider taboos and other cultural beliefs, respectively, as important factors in their decision to grow mushrooms. Signi* cant relationship was found to exist between household size, information on mushroom production, cultural beliefs, storage and output size of mushrooms. With a gross margin of 4,129,000Nigerian Naira (N) ($32,769.84) mushroom production was considered to be pro* table. It was recommended that extension service should be stepped up to reach the rural dwellers with the message of mushroom production while equally educating the people on the source of input and production strategies.
|Publisher||Nigerian Journal Of Agricultural Economics|
|Publication Title||Effects Of Micro-Credit Scheme On Agricultural Production Among Members Of Farmers Development Union, Oyo State, Nigeria|
|Publication Authors||Arifalo S.F. and Ayilaran C.I.|
This study examined the performance of micro credit schemes on agricultural production in Oyo State with a case study of Farmers’ Development Union (FADU). Primary data were collected from two hundred farmers of which one hundred were beneficiaries and another one hundred as non-beneficiaries of (FADU) credit schemes from the identified four zones (Egbeda, Omi-Adio, Lagelu and Akinyele) used for the FADU operation in the state. Frequency distribution, budgeting analysis and ordinary least square multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the data obtained from the survey. The socio-economic characteristics of the respondents revealed that the highest percentage were within the age range of 51-60years, 67% of the respondents were male whereas 33% were female. The profitability analysis showed that there was a positive average annual gross margin per hectare for both beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries, thus implying that food crop production is profitable for both groups with beneficiaries having almost three times as much as non-beneficiaries. The econometric analysis result showed that 78.4% variation in the gross margin of the farmers was explained by the explanatory variables. The coefficients of the regression analysis showed that only age of the farmers had a negative coefficient, meaning that as the age increases, the gross margin decreases. The return to scale for the farmers was 1.676 indicating that the farmers operated at the irrational stage of production. Increased government effort is recommended to see to the effort of Non Governmental Organizations as complimentary and to encourage them through giving of grants which should be made available to the farmers who cannot afford to visit formal financial institutions.
|Publisher||Quartely Journal Of Agriculture|
|Publication Title||Determinants Of Household Demand For Fresh Fruit And Vegetable In Nigeria: A Double Hurdle Approach.|
|Publication Authors||Ogundari K.O. and Arifalo S.F.|
The study investigates separately demand characteristics of consuming healthy food such as fresh fruit and vegetable (FV) based on the 2003/2004 Nigeria Living Standard Survey (NLSS) data. It uses the double-hurdle model that allows the analysis of both the decisions to consume and the demand for FV to differ. The empirical results show that an average household in the sample considered the demand for FV to be luxury good. But a closer look at the results across income groups show that households in the low and high-income groups considered the demand for fresh fruit to be necessity and luxury goods, respectively, while all households irrespective of which income groups they belong considered the demand for fresh vegetable to be luxury good in the study. Our results also imply that the demand for FV is higher among households with younger members, compared to households with older members. Regional differences in the demand for FV are also evident in the study.